А также тара для перевозки живой. Бутыли от 0,5 для использования. А также тара от 0,4. Пластмассовые банки от 0,3 до 1,4 без объемом.
Доставка продукта розничным покупателям осуществляется по городу Костроме в 40 до 1100. Пластмассовые ведра объемом от 0,4 до качестве пищевой тары. Имеет сопутствующие сертификаты для использования в без объемом.
The most significant difference in the control system is the use of nose mounted thrust vectoring jets, used to pivot the missile to the desired azimuth and pitch angle after its vertical launch. Unlike its predecessor, this missile uses the vertical cold launch technique, with a charge ejecting the round vertically from the transport and launch canister. The proximity fuse transmit antenna is in the missile nose, which also contains the transmitter.
The fuse receiver, command link receiver and autopilot are all clustered in the centresection of the missile. The warhead is situated between the guidance section and motor. A pair of command link and beacon antennas are mounted on the tail. The Russians have not disclosed the specific control laws used in this design, but it is known that the missiles are flown in an arcing trajectory, and perform a shallow dive against a low flying target, this is intended to maximise ground clearance of the missile round and facilitate tracking by the TLAR regardless of clutter.
The design aims of the Gauntlet were however broader than those for the Gecko, and not only are low flying aircraft and helicopters intended targets, but also cruise missiles, standoff missiles and smart bombs during their terminal flight phase.
The earliest Gauntlet variants are carried on a GM tracked chassis, with later tracked variants using the GM chassis. Eight vertically launched 9K SAM rounds are carried in sealed magazines, these are vertically ejected before ignition using the cold launch technique. Once clear of the TELAR, the canard missiles use nose rocket thrusters to pitch over in the direction of the target and effect the engagement. Reaction time to threats is credited in seconds between track confirmation and launch.
A towed semi-mobile variant of the Tor M1 is on offer, sacrificing mobility for lower cost Rosoboronexport. Earlier variants were developed to defend land manoevre forces against missile firing attack helicopters and low flying close air support fighters. More recently the role of the system has been redefined to protection of high value targets against precision guided munitions and cruise missiles. The current Tor M2E has new radar package and is carried on a wheeled chassis, both optimisations for its new primary role.
Chinese sources put the SA inventory at around 25 systems, deployed with the 31 st and 38 th Army Groups. It is used to defend against low flying aircraft as well as cruise missiles and guided weapons like smart bombs. It is available on a tracked chassis, and more recently, a purpose designed semi-hardened MZKT 6 x 6 all terrain vehicle. The design is capable of tilting to engage high elevation targets The Electro-Optical targeting system is at the left of the image.
Note the hemispherical command uplink antennas for post launch missile acquisition. Tor M2E search radar in deployed configuration. The planar array design replaces the cumbersome paraboloid section reflector design used with the Tor M1 series. Images depict stowed configuration Kupol JSC images. The radar emulates foreign surface-to-air and anti-aircraft artillery threats.
The use of the SAB label is unusual, insofar as this variant has the third evolution of the missile and an entirely new radar package. This is a modern digital replacement for the P Flat Face. In terms of effectiveness, the PGM could compare to tactical nuclear weapons, while they could be carried by both strategic aircraft and most flying machines represented by the army and tactical aircraft. At present, leading military specialists consider the PGM as the main weapon to deliver the first preventive strike, capable of disabling or paralyzing air defenses, increasing the capacity and enhancing the effectiveness of the conventional means of air attack.
In the course of subsequent combat operations the PGM is used, as a rule, to destroy neutralize the vital pinpoint and small-size targets carrying important potentials. According to modern classification, the tactical PGM include: 1. Antiradar missiles capable of destroying targets at a distance of 15 to 70 and, in perspective, up to km from the launching point and flying at altitudes of 60 m to 12 - 16 km.
The effective RCS of such missiles is minimized to about 0. Airborne guided missiles with infrared, laser or TV homing heads, with a launching range from 6 to 10 km, angles of attack from to deg, effective RCS from 0. Gliding and controlled guided aerial bombs and clusters with a release drop range of 8 to 10 km, effective Radiation PatternRCS below 0. Missiles fitted with inertial guidance and terrain avoidance features using the terrain map and capable of flying at 60 m and lower altitudes.
The PGM also include antiship missiles. Overall, the features that distinguish the PGM or their destructive components from other radar targets and offensive means alike are: - small effective RCS averaging in the forward hemisphere at 0. The first two circumstances impose new requirements on radars employed by the SAMs designed to fight the PGM, while the other two impose requirements on the flight ballistics and control loop of the systems as well as on the muscle of their combat equipment.
The low values of effective RCS require huge expenditure of energy by both TAR and TTR, especially in case of electronic countermeasures undertaken by the enemy as well as the implementation of new procedures to seek out and track targets. The TAR must be either three-coordinate or capable of measuring the target angle of site to an accuracy that minimizes the fine search time by the TTR.
The wide range of angles at which the PGM may approach the objective dictates the need for the TAR to shape an isodistant target detection zone instead of the isoheight cosecant-squared one widely employed by the SAMs, which is the main reason for the poor effectiveness of the existing SAM systems against the PGM. In addition, the TAR should realize the principle of criterional processing of the signals, thereby minimizing the level of false alarms, and also examine the target flight paths, categorize the targets, select the most dangerous ones from a group of detected targets and prioritize them.
To solve these tasks, the TAR should incorporate a data processor with the required capacity. The TTR must ensure prompt lockon of one or several targets and automatically track the PGMs to an accuracy sufficient for their reliable engagement by SAMs at prescribed ranges. Meeting these requirements minimizes the system reaction time.
The following specific demands are imposed on SAMs intended to fight the PGM: 1 the missiles must be given a minimum possible time to be ready for launch s ; 2 the propulsion system of the SAM should ensure its most rapid acceleration within s to the prescribed speed and support its powered flight to a range no shorter than the prescribed killing range of the PGM. The operational load factors of the SAM must allow it to hit the PGM with a g-load not less than 10 units; 3 the armament of the SAM must have sufficient power to destroy a highly strong PGM and allow the SAM to adapt to the type class of the target to be destroyed; 4 the cost of the SAM should be the minimum required to achieve the positive balance between the cost of the PGM plus the cost of the prevented damage and adjusted cost of the SAM.
The general demands on a SAM system designed to fight the PGM are as follows: - the engagement range of aircraft that carries optically guided PGM must exceed the effective range of such weapons; - the reaction time, that is, the time elapsed between target detection and missile firing instants should be at a minimum. This can be attained via high automation of the battle performance based on extensive employment of computers multiprocessor systems , elements of robotization and artificial intellect for maximum reduction of the crew workload; - the maximum cost-effectiveness criterion versus minimum cost of the SAM and reasonable from the viewpoint of its significance cost of the facility it protects; - the ability to combine the requisite number of SAMs into a highly automated system designed to defend the vital installations and main groupings of troops at the appropriate level.
The system is a logical sequel to the OSA SAM family, capable of repelling existing and potential threats with the maximum efficiency. The core of the Tor-M1 SAM system is its combat vehicle CV whose main version is based on the cross-country tracked chassis of an intermediate weight category. The CV comprises: - TAR with a ground-based radar interrogator; - target and missile tracking radar TTR ; - backup TV optical tracker designed to autotrack targets in angular coordinates; - high-speed multiplex digital computer; - air situation display equipment, CV systems and means monitoring equipment, and CV commander and operator control panels; - coded radio command operational communications system; - navigation, survey control and orientation equipment; - surface-to-air missiles in group launching transporting containers two containers with four SAMs in each ; - primary power supply with the generator driven by the gas turbine engine or the engine of the self-propelled chassis; - auxiliary equipment.
The Tor-M1 CV detects and selects air targets on the move and fires missiles at them from short halts. The antenna system of the TAR is stabilized. It produces an eight-portion Battary command postradiation pattern Fig. The scanning interval is 1 s, the beam flare width in the vertical plane is 4 deg; the portion switchover scanning mechanism is electronic. Any three portions of the radiation pattern can be scanned within one scanning interval. The entire elevation zone covers 32 deg and can be scanned within 3 s.
The regular scanning program is selected in such a way that, in order to increase the detection range for low-altitude targets, the first portion is scanned twice within three scanning intervals. To augment the TAR potential, the antenna system of the radar can be revolved mechanically through 32 deg with a detection zone of 32 to 64 deg. Sign up. Trademark, copyright notices, and rules for use by third parties can be found in our FAQ.
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